Parwich & District Local History Society

Parwich Bibliography

Copyright © 2007 P&DLHS





p.  2







Source Materials




Grants & Early Charters

p.  3



Parish Records

p.  3



Manorial Records

p.  3




p.  4



Property & Land Records

p.  4



National Records

p.  4



Descriptions/surveys pre1900

p.  5












p.  6




p.  9



















Halls & Manor Houses




Hospital (Parwich)
















Political & Social








Walking & Cycling
















General Sites




Derbyshire Sites




Local History Sites




Specific Parwich Sites




Genealogical Sites with reference to local families




The following are references to the area, including Alsop en le Dale, Ballidon, Cold Eaton, Parwich, and Pikehall, that the Society has collected so far.  Given the bulk of our members are from Parwich, this list is skewed towards Parwich, so we would particularly welcome any information on material relating to the other villages.  Also please note that this is a work in progress, so some sections are more complete than others.  Items in red are yet to be annotated.  Also we have not included the Society’s publications.  Our Newsletters have been indexed separately, and articles from them are available on this website ( twelve months after publication.


If you have any further references please send them to the Website Editor. 


Updated February 2006

Page 2


1.    Source Material)

(This section is only in its early stages and will be up dated later)


i.                 Grants & Early Charters

There are a number of early charters relating to our area from Saxon times.  The easiest sources of information are the following publications:


W R Holland (1886) “Alsop and other Charters” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 8 pp. 98-130

-Transcripts of the text in Latin and English translations of some 18 charters from the thirteenth to sixteen centuries relating to Alsop en le Dale.


I H Jeayes (1906) “Descriptive Catalogue of Derbyshire Charters in Public and Private Libraries and Muniment Rooms” Bemrose & Sons Ltd, London & Derby

-This book gives summaries of a number of local charters primarily from the Medieval period relating to Parwich, Alsop en le Dale and Ballidon.  Lots of interesting snippets, for example an early mention of a watermill at Bradbourne in 1452.


A Saltman (1977) “Kniveton Leiger” Derbyshire Archeological Society Records Section

-The records belonging from the de Kniveton family during the Medieval period, with a number of references to land holdings in our area.  The texts are in Latin, but with a summary in English.


963                       Land grant by King Edgar in Balidon

966                        Land grant by King Edgar in Parwich


1260                     Simon del Hol of Parwich grant of land to Simon de la Dale

after 1260             Simon del Hol of Parwich grant of land to William (?)



ii.               Parish Records

Other than the parish registers, most of Parwich’s parish records have been lost.  Only one page of the Church Wardens Accounts for one year in the eighteenth century survives.  The registers begin around 1640, with some gaps.  Unfortunately the early Bishop’s Transcripts for Parwich are also missing for the early records.  As Parwich was a chapelry of Ashbourne, which was in the gift of Lincoln Cathedral, records relating to Parwich are to be found in the cathedral library in Lincoln.  Information relating to Ballidon may be under Bradbourne, and Pikehall under Ballidon, Bradbourne, Brassington, Elton, Hartington or Parwich.  The Parish Registers for Derbyshire are held in the County Record Office in Matlock, with copies on microfilm at Matlock Local Studies Library.


Derbyshire Parish Registers, Vol. 8 pp123-133: Marriages at Parwich 1639-1837


Derbyshire Ancestral Research Group (1992) “A Transcript of Memorial Inscriptions in the Church & Churchyard of St. Peter, Parwich, Derbyshire”

-This is just what is says.  This survey can be seen in Matlock Local Studies Library, or on line at


Derbyshire Ancestral Research Group (?) “A Transcript of Memorial Inscriptions in the Church & Churchyard of St. Michael, Alsop en le Dale, Derbyshire”

-as St. Peter’s above.


iii.              Manorial records

The manorial records for both Parwich and Alsop en le Dale have not been located.  It is not known how much survived the breaking up of the Alsop estate in the late seventeenth century (see Charters above), and what records from Alsop are amongst the Hindlip papers.  Parwich records could have gone to Ireland with the Levinge family in the early seventeen hundreds, but if so may have been lost in the burning of the Irish Record Office in Dublin during the ‘Troubles’.  Also Parwich cases seem to have come under the Duchy of Lancaster, even after the purchase of their interest by the Levinges, so perhaps Parwich records may eventually be located amongst the archives of the Duchy which are somewhat scattered.

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iv.              Wills

Most of the local wills are held in the Litchfield Joint Record Office, as the local probate court was in Litchfield.  Occasionally a will would be proved elsewhere such as in London.  There are local wills surviving from the early sixteenth century, and they are a potentially major source of information.  Two of the more significant wills for Parwich were that of Thomas Levinge in 1639 and of William Beresford in 1699.  There are transcripts of the Allsop wills relating to Parwich in “500 years of Allsops in Parwich” produced by the Society.  See also:


D G Edwards (1998) “Derbyshire Wills Proved in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 1393 – 1574” Derbyshire Record Society

-Just what it says.


v.               Property & Land Records

The Society are beginning to transcribe property deeds for Parwich houses (see Newsletter), and would welcome the opportunity to see any local deeds.


Enclosure awards


1843                            Parwich Tithe map –This lists all buildings and land in Parwich parish together with

acreages and a map showing their location.  It also identifies the owners and tenants.


1915        Sales particulars for Auction of the Estate

1919      Sales particulars for Auction of several farms

1975        Sales particulars for Auction of residue of Estate.  The Hall was sold prior to auction.


Sales Catalogues (Held at Matlock Local Studies Library)


Blacksmith’s Shop, Parwich


Brook Close Farm


Church Farm


Flaxdale House


The Fold


Parwich Hall


Hope Croft, Alsop Road


High Barn, Slater’s Lane


Horse Shoe House


Jasmine House




The Old Farmhouse


Parwich Lees

1982 & 1986

Rose Cottage, Smithy Lane


Wheatsheaf Cottage, Smithy Lane


White Meadow House




vi.             National Records


1086 Doomsday Book (see Philip Morgan, Editor (1978) “Domesday Book: Derbyshire” Phillimore & Co, Chichester for a transcription of the text and translation)


A M Hopkinson & D Crook (2000) “The Rolls of the 1281 Derbyshire Eyre” Derbyshire Record Society

-Fascinating court cases from the thirteenth century heard by the equivalent of a circuit judge.  The place to come to find out about local murders.


Page 4


C Rawcliffe & H G Garratt (1985) “Derbyshire Feet of Fines 1323-1546” Derbyshire Record Society

-Contains a number of references to local land disputes/settlements.


D G Edwards (1982) “Derbyshire Hearth Tax assessments 1662-70” Derbyshire Record Society

-Transcripts of the returns consisting of list of the householders and number of hearths by parish.


Derbyshire (1801) “Acreage Returns” p203


1841,1851,1861,1871,1881,1891, 1901 Censuses.  From 1841 onwards the Censuses listed each person their age, place of origin and occupation.  The Society has copies of these Censuses and is currently using them to trace the occupants of each house.


Reports of the Commissioners appointed to inquire concerning charities and education….” (1815-1839) pp888-894


Register of Electors of the County of Derby: Southern Division. 1832 through to 1848


vii.            Descriptions/Surveys Pre 1900


J C Cox (1875) “Derbyshire Churches”

-A survey of all the Anglican churches, of particular interest is the description of the old church in Parwich.


C Glover & P Ridden (1981) “William Woolley’s History of Derbyshire 1712” Derbyshire Record Society

-Sections on the local parishes.


D Lysons & S Lysons (1817) “Magna Britannia” Vol. 5 Derbyshire

-Not a lot of local detail, though it does give number of houses and people in each parish.


James Pilkington (1789) “A view of the present state of Derbyshire” Vol II

-A section on each village, giving the number of houses, principle features, industry and principle inhabitants.  Parwich had 91 houses.



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2.    References


(i)              Archaeology (There is a full set of the Derbyshire Archaeological Journal in the Local Studies Library in Matlock, and Peter Trewhitt has a complete run from 1958 to the present.)


John Barnatt (1990) “The Henges, Stone Circles and Ring Cairns of the Peak District” Sheffield Archaeological Monographs 1: The University of Sheffield.

-Not much in our area apart from mention of the mysterious Bronze Age Rings.


John Barnatt (1996) “Excavations at a Barrow at Roystone Grange, Ballidon, Derbyshire:1993” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 116 p12-26.

-One of the few digs in this area with a detailed analysis of the finds from this barrow used both in the Neolithic period and the early bronze age.


John Barnatt (1999) “Taming the land: Peak District farming and ritual in the Bronze Age” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 119 p19-78.

-Although only briefly alluding to our area (mostly referring to sites further north and east) it is an excellent account.


John Barnatt & John Collis, Eds. (1996) “Barrows in the Peak District: Recent research” J.R.Collis: Sheffield.

-As well as various articles it contains a comprehensive list of burial mounds, though it is confusing when trying to look up an individual mound.


Thomas Bateman (1861, reprinted 1978) “Ten years’ Digging in Celtic and Saxon Graves in the Counties of Derby, Stafford and York” Moorland Reprints


Adrian M. Chadwick & Helen Evans (2000)“Reading Roystone’s Rocks: Landscape Survey and Lithic Analysis from Test Pitting at Roystone Grange, Ballidon, Derbyshire and its Implications for Previous Interpretations of the Region” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 120 p101-122

-A detailed account that is perhaps not for the general reader, but would be most interesting to look whilst on the site.


John Collis (1983) “Wigber Low Derbyshire: A Bronze Age and Anglian Burial Site in the White Peak” The Dept. of Prehistory & Archaeology, University of Sheffield

-This is a full and detailed account of the excavations at Wigber Low with contributions from a number of workers, which again is perhaps not for a general reader.  Perhaps it is worth reading the summary of John Morland and Mark Edmunds’ talk in our Newsletter no.4 before tackling this monograph.


Ali Cooper (1999) “Archaeology Walks in the Peak District” Sigma Leisure: Wimslow Cheshire.

-This contains a number of walks in our area, including ‘barrows near the Tissington trail’, ‘Wigber Low’, ‘Minninglow and Roystone Grange’, ‘Greenlow’ and ‘Rainster and Harborough Rocks’.  Each walk contains a short reference list on the sites mentioned.


L. B. Cooper (1970) “Archaeological finds on the Tissington Trail” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 90 p8-9

-A brief note on the flint tools and flakes found when the sleepers and railway track was removed.


Martin J. Dearne, Scott Anderson & Keith Branigan (1995) “Excavations at Brough Field, Carsington, 1980” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 115 p37-75.

-Although a bit outside our area Carsington was a important centre for Roman lead mining and this gives an interesting insight into Romans in this part of the Peak District.


Page 6


Josephine Dool (1976) “Roman material from Rainster Rocks, Brassington” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 96 p17-22.

-Details of the third century metalwork and coins found here.


C. R. Hart (1981) “North Derbyshire Archaeological Survey to AD 1500” Chesterfield.

-Although now out of print it is a useful inventory of sites.


Richard K. W. Hill & Angela Shackleton Hill (1988) “South Peak Archaeological Survey 1986-1988

-A detailed, if now out of date survey of the local area, which is essential reading for anyone interested in local history and archaeology.  It also contains reference to some of the early documentation.


Richard Hodges (1991) “Wall-to-Wall History: The story of Royston Grange” Duckworth: London.

-A full account of the archaeology from the earliest hunter-gatherers through the stone-age and roman periods up to the medieval period.  The descriptions of walls from the various periods are very interesting.


R. Hodges and S. Probert (1988) “Rescue excavations in the medieval village at Ballidon: 1986” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 108 p34-37

-Little is known of the history of Ballidon in the late Saxon and early Norman periods.  The excavations of part of the medieval village revealed signs of Romano-British activity here as well as an extended medieval occupation.  It was suggest that the earth works as a whole seen both east and west of the church were the remains of a fifteenth century village, rather than previously suggested a village thatshrank in the great fourteenth century recession.


R. Hodges, M. Poulter and M. Wildgoose (1982) “The Medieval grange at Roystone Grange” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 102 p88-100

-This outlines what is known about the history of this monastic sheep ranch, owned by the Cistercian Garendon Abbey in Leicester for around three hundred years.  Little is known about the history of the post medieval farm though it lessees and owners were men of substance.  It also contains the first inter-rim report on the excavations.


R. Hodges, J. Thomas and M. Wildgoose (1989) “The Barrow Cemetery at Roystone Grange” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 109 p7-16

-An account of the previous and current excavations of some eight bronze age barrows on the slopes leading up towards Minninglow and the High Peak Trail to the east of Roystone Grange.  This concentration of barrows is unusual in this area.


Richard Hodges & Martin Wildgoose (1980) “Roman or native in the White Peak” in Keith Branigan (Ed.) “Rome and the Brigantes: The impact of Rome on Northern England” University of Sheffield.

-An account of Royston Grange in the Roman period.


R. Hodges and M. Wildgoose (1981) “Roman or Native in the White Peak: the Roystone Grange project and its regional implications” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 101 p42-57

-They did get the articles written on Roystone Grange, it is a good article, but most of it is covered in “Wall to Wall”.


R. Hodges and M. Wildgoose (1991) “Roystone Grange: Excavations of the Cistercian Grange 1980-87” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 111 p46-50

-This article continues the account of the excavations of the Medieval buildings.


John Lomas (1962) “A Bronze Age Site at Parwich” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 82 ……………..


G. A. Makepeace (1997) “A resurvey of the ringbanks on Parwich Moor and the excavation of four ringbanks at Parwich, Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 117 p17-25.

-Although inconclusive it is fascinating to speculate why well over one hundred ringbanks were built here between 1,500 and 500 B.C.


Page 7


G. A. Makepeace (1998) “Romano-Britist Settlements in the Peak District and North-East Staffordshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 118 p95-138

-An overview with a list of known sights, including Lombard’s Green and Royston as well as the Carsington and Brassington sites.


G. A. Makepeace (2000) “Prehistoric and Roman Material from the Brassington Area of Derbyshire: the Radford Collection” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 120 p87-100

-A catalogue of finds by the Radfords, who lived in Brassington.  It includes finds from Longcliffe, Pikehall and Minninglow areas, but does little more than list them.


G. A. Makepeace (2001) “Report on the excavation of a Medieval Farm at Hill Top Farm, Aldwark, near Brassington, Derbyshire 1992-95” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 121 p162-179

The introduction gives a quick summary of the know origins of Aldwark.  The excavations revealed prehistoric occupation (late Neolithic/early Bronze Age), evidence of small scale Medieval lead smelting as well as domestic and mixed agricultural use in the 12th?, 13th and 14th centuries.


G. A. Makepeace and M. Bishop (1990) “An early Iron Age settlement at Harborough Rocks, Brassington” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 110 p24-29


T. G. Manby (1958) “Cambered Tombs of Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 78 p25-39

-It includes accounts of Minninglow, Stoney Low and Green Low.  It details the finds in Minninglow and Green Low.


T. G. Manby (1963) “Peak District and Trent Basin Mesolithic sites” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 83 p10-23.

-An overview it refers to finds at Harborough Rocks, Parwich Top Farm and Parwich Middle Moor


T. G. Manby (1965) “The excavation of Green Low chambered tomb” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 85 p1-24.

-A detailed account of the excavation of this Neolithic burial mound at Aldwark.  The tomb was built on an earlier Mesolithic site, and as at Minninglow there was Roman/Romano-British pottery present.


Barry M. Marsden (1963) “The re-excavation of Green Low – a bronze age round barrow on Alsop Moor, Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 83 p82-89.

-Not to be confused with the Green Low at Aldwark this is a straight forward account of the excavation of what Bateman described as the grave of Beaker chieftain.


Barry M. Marsden (1977,1994) “The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire” Privately Published.

-He describes the local barrows and what has been found in them by parish, which makes it easy to look them up.


Barry M. Marsden (1982) “The excavation of the Roystone Grange round cairn (Ballidon 12), Ballidon, Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 102 p23-32


Barry M. Marsden (1999) “The Early Barrow Diggers” Tempus: Stroud

-Although not mentioning any of our local barrows, it does have a chapter on the people such as Bateman who dug them up in the nineteenth century.


J. May (1971) “A Neolithic site at Astonhill, near Minninglow, Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 91 p31-36.

-A short report on the pottery and flints found.


A. Myers (1992) “Roystone: An Analysis of Worked Lithic Artefacts from Area Excavations and One Test-pitting Project” Unpublished Report: Peak Park Planning Board


Page 8


J. Radley and F. Radford (1969) “Iron Age pottery from Brassington Common” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 89 p121-122


A. Shackleton-Hill and R. K. W. Hill (1989) “Survey of Roystone Grange, Ballidon CP, February 1989” Unpublished Report for the Peak Park Archaeology Service


Philip C. Sidebottom (1999) “Stone Crosses of the Peak and the ‘Sons of Eadwulf’” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 119 p206-219.

-A discussion of the Anglo-Saxon stone crosses including those at Bradbourne.


Julian Thomas (1991) “Prehistoric Pottery from Royston Grange, Derbyshire” In Richard Hodges & Ken Smith (Eds.) “Recent Developments in the Archaeology of the Peak District” Sheffield Archaeological Monographs 2, J.R.Collis: Sheffield.

-Other articles in this volume make reference to our area including neolithic finds and Roman period lead mining.


M. Wildgoose (1987) “Roystone Grange” Current Archaeology 105 p303-8


M. Wildgoose (1991) “The drystone walls of Roystone Grange” Archaeological Journal 148 p205-240


(ii)            Architecture (See also Church and Parwich Hall sections)


Nicholas Antrim (1984) “A walk around Parwich” in ‘Derbyshire Life’ 49 no. 11 pp64-65

-Very good general account of the buildings in the Parwich, mentioning Church Gates House, Hallcliffe, Flaxdale, Fernlea, the Hall, Townhead and Foufinside.


Maxwell Craven and Michael Stanley (2nd Ed. 2001) “The Derbyshire Country House” Volumes I & II. Landmark Collectors Library: Ashbourne.

An excellent new edition with accounts of the Derbyshire country house, with section on the local halls, including Alsop, Bradbourne, Parwich and Tissington Halls.


Barry Joyce, Gordon Michell and Mike Williams (1996) “Derbyshire: Detail and Character, acelebration of its towns and villages” Sutton Publishing, Stroud

-A readable introduction to the subject of walls, roofs, windows, doors, etc., it gives some idea of the materials our houses are built of.  Unfortunately it does not cover any buildings in our area and it is not sufficiently detailed to use to date buildings from architectural features.


Department of the Environment (1984) “List of Buildings of Special Architectural Interest- W. Derbyshire, Ballidon, Bradley, etc.”


J. N. Merril (1981) “Historical Buildings of Derbyshire” Winster, Walking Boots


J. N. Merril (1985) “100 Halls & Castles of the Peak District & Derbyshire


E. Mercer (1975) “English Vernacular Houses: a study of traditional farmhouses and cottages” Royal Commission on Historical Monuments HMSO

-A national gazetteer that mentions Dam Farm and the Hall.


Nikolaus Pevesner (revised by Elizabeth Williamson) (1953,1978) “The Buildings of England: DERBYSHIRE” Penguin Books: London.

-He describes fairly briefly the Churches and the Halls in Parwich and Alsop-en-le-Dale; the Church in Ballidon; as well as the Roman road; and a number of burial mounds.

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(iii)           Church & Religion (See also architecture)


M.R. Austin (1972) “Queen Anne’s Bounty and the poor Livings of Derbyshire- 1772-1832” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 92 p78-89.

-Only a couple of allusions to our area, though the livings were poor.  Queen Anne’s Bounty was a grant system to raise the parish priest’s income in the poorer parishes.


M.R. Austin (1983) “Clerical residence and pluralism in Derbyshire- 1772-1832” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 103 p118-132.

-A general article it only alludes to our area.


R. J. Brown (1998) “The English Village Church


J. Bunting (1997) “St. Peter’s Church, Parwich” Peak Advertiser 24th Nov 1997


M E Burrows (1983) “Henry Isaac Stevens 1807-1873: a Derby architect” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 103 p133-136.

-A short account of the architect who designed the current church in Parwich.


Richard Clark (1980) “A good and sufficient maintenance: the augmentation of parish livings in Derbyshire, 1645-1660 Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 100 p69-78.

-Again just brief allusions to our area.  For example the Perpetual Curate in Parwich which was then a chapelry of Ashbourne was worth £6 13s. 4d. a year at a time when £30 a year was considered the bare minimum for a benificed clergyman to live on.  The Committee for Plundered Ministers granted £40 a year to Bradbourne to augment the Vicar’s existing £40 a year.


Richard Clark (1984) “Lists of Derbyshire Clergymen 1558-1662 Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 104 p19-61.

-This article gives lists for Ballidon and Bradbourne.  It mentions that no information has been found for the chapelry of Alsop-en-le-Dale.  The lists are only for parishes A to B, and it does not make clear where the rest of the lists can be found.  At this time Parwich would have been a chapelry under the Vicarage of Ashbourne, whose incumbents are included.


Richard Clark (1992) “The Dedications of Medieval Churches in Derbyshire Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 112 p48-61.

-This list indicates that All Saint’s, Ballidon, St. Peter’s, Parwich and St. Mary’s Tissington have retained the same dedication though a surprising number in the County have changed.  Although this article tells us no more about our individual churches there is an interesting discussion about the antiquity of Wakes: Wakes Sunday being the nearest Sunday to the feast day of the parish church’s patron saint.  In the seventeenth century many parishes seemed to have forgotten the dedication of their church and used the timing of the local Wakes or reference to earlier wills to work out the dedication.


I A H Combes (2004) “Anglican Churches of Derbyshire” Landmark, Ashbourne

-Sections on all our local churches.


J C Cox (1875) “Derbyshire Churches”

-A survey of all the Anglican churches, of particular interest is the description of the old church in Parwich.


J C Cox (1907) “Memorials of Old Derbyshire”

-Of interest is the section on the probable rood screen and loft in the old church in Parwich.


Derbyshire Ancestral Research Group (1995) “Parwich feature with a list of surnames from memorial inscriptions” Derbyshire Ancestral Research Group Newsletter no. 7 Oct 1995


A Henstock (1977) “The Early Derbyshire Quakers and their Emigration to America” Derbyshire Miscellany Vol. 8 pt. 1 Spring 1977

-An account of the persecution of Ashbourne Quakers, and mention of Henry Gibbins of Parwich who emigrated to Pennsylvania in 1682.


Page 10


S. A. Jeavons (1961) “The Church plate of Derbyshire 1491 -1850” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 81 p1-84.

-This extensive survey includes mention of the Elizabethan silver chalice in Parwich (including photograph), 1657 silver gilt chalice and patens in Tissington, 1691 silver paten in Alsop en le Dale (given to the Church by George Errington in 1833), 1699 silver paten in Parwich (given be George Errington in 1832), 1743 silver flagon in Alsop en le Dale (presented by Lady Allsopp in 1883), 1747 silver gilt paten in Tissington, 1828 silver flagon in Parwich (given be George Errington in 1832), 1840 silver challice in Bradbourne, and 1842 silver flagon in Tissington.


S. A. Jeavons (1963) “Royal Arms in Derbyshire Churches” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 83 p51-65.

-Lists the arms of George II painted on canvas hung in both Parwich and Tissington Churches.


S. A. Jeavons (1964) “The Church monuments of Derbyshire: the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, Part 1” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 84 p52-80.

-Not much in our area, other than Ashbourne and Wirksworth the nearest it gets is Thorpe.


Llewellynn Jewitt (1880-1881) “Early Norman tympanum at Parwich Church” The Relinquary 21 pp201-204

-See Parwich & District Local History Society Newsletter no. 2 for a more recent reflection on the tympanum which draws on this article.


Mike Salter (1998) “The Old Parish Churches of Derbyshire” Folly Publications: Malvern.

-He does not get very enthusiastic about any of our local churches.


Margery Tranter (1981) “Landlords, labourers, local preachers: rural nonconformity in Derbyshire, 1772- 1851” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 101 p119-138.

-It does mention the Ashbourne circuit, but not the Chapel in Parwich.  Never the less it gives a good general background.


Rodney Tompkins (1998) “Historic Organs in Derbyshire” Scarthin Books: Cromford

-A gazetteer of Derbyshire church organs, including All Saints’ Bradbourne, St Mary’s Tissington and St Peter’s Parwich.


Gladwyn Turbutt (1999) “The Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem in Derbyshire History” Scarthin Books, Cromford

-Mention that their estates in Derbyshire included Gotehouse, which is thought to be Gotham Grange, Parwich.


? (1986) “St. Peter’s Church Parwich Monumental Inscriptions & Description” Alsop Ancestors no.6 Apr 1986


? (1988) “St. Peter’s Parwich” Peak Advertiser 5th Sept 1988


(iv)           Environment, Geology, Geography & Landscape


N Aitkenhead, J I Chisholm, and I P Stevenson (1985) “Geology of the country around Buxton, Leek and Bakewell” British Geological Survey, HMSO, London

-A detailed account that includes information on our area.


John Barnatt & Ken Smith (1997) “The Peak District: landscapes through time” B.T.Batsford/English Heritage: London.

-Primarily on archaeology this is a good general book that makes a number references to Parwich, Minninglow, Royston Grange and Ballidon.


Page 11


F Wolverston Cope (1998) “Geology Explained in the Peak District” Scarthin Books, Cromford.

-With sections on the Brassington area, and the dove and Manifold vallies, it seems to miss our area out, though obviously what it says on other areas is relevant to us.


Department of the Environment (1975) “Press Notice: Waste tips identified as possible risks to water supplies”


D J Harrison and K A Adam (1985) “Limestones of the Peak: a guide to the limestone and dolomite resources of the Peak District” British Geological Survey Mineral Assessment report 144; HMSO London.

-A detailed account with information on our area.


Trevor D. Ford (?) “The Caves of Brassington and Parwich Area” in “Limestone and Caves of the Peak District”


V. Kirkham (1990) “Is Parwich sitting on a time bomb” Community Fayre no.43 May 1990


G. Lean & P. Ghazi (1990) “Britain’s buried poison” Observer 4th Feb 1990


(v)            Farming (see also Political & Social)


Sue Crane (1999) “Early English Beekeeping: the evidence from local records up to the end of the Norman period” Local Historian 29 no.3 pp130-151

A general account of early beekeeping, it only includes Parwich in the appendix listing places mentioned in the Doomsday Book as producing honey.


Adrian Henstock (1969) “Cheese manufacturing and marketing in Derbyshire and North Staffordshire 1670 1870” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 82 p54-72.

-An interesting account it makes a number of references to our area, with a bit on Ashbourne’s annual cheese markets in March, the general development of agriculture in this period and the failed plan to extend navigable waterways to Ashbourne.  John Byng after dining in the Blackamoor’s Head in Ashbourne in 1790 noted that “the cheese of this country pleases me much; being a medium between the Cheshire and the Stilton”.


J. C. Jackson (1962) “Open field cultivation in Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 82 p54-72.

-A general article, it does not give any specific examples from our area.


W. E. Wightman (1961) “Open field agriculture in the Peak District Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 81 p111-125.

-A good starting point on this subject about which little is published relating to our area.  There are a few paragraphs on our area. Note a couple of later articles in the 1963 Derbyshire Archaeological Journal by J. P. Carr “Open field agriculture in mid-Derbyshire” and by Alan Baker “Open fields in Derbyshire: some reservations about recent arguments” give more general information but not much specific to our area.


(vi)           General interest


Joy Childs (1987) “A History of Derbyshire” Phillimore: Sussex.

-This contains a few allusions to the area, but nothing very exciting.


C Glover & P Ridden (1981) “William Woolley’s History of Derbyshire 1712” Derbyshire Record Society

-Sections on the local parishes.


Page 12


D Lysons & S Lysons (1817) “Magna Britannia” Vol. 5 Derbyshire

-Not a lot of local detail, though it does give number of houses and people in each parish.


James Pilkington (1789) “A view of the present state of Derbyshire

-A section on each village, giving the number of houses, principle features, industry and principle inhabitants.  Parwich had 91 houses.


Roger Redfern (1993) “Peak District Hill Country: an explorer’s guide for walkers and travellers” Sigma Leisure: Cheshire.

-Brief but interesting descriptions and historical references to Parwich, Alsop-en-le-Dale, and Ballidon.  He does seem to borrow heavily from Robson “A Gazetteer of the White Peak” without acknowledging this.


Les Robson (1991) “A Gazetteer of the White Peak” J.H. Hall & Sons: Derby

-Short but interesting histories of most villages, including Parwich, Alsop-en-le-Dale and Ballidon.


Gladwynn Turbutt (1999) “A History of Derbyshire” 4 volumes, Merton Priory Press, Cardiff

-A range of local references.  This is the only source so far on how Parwich and Alsop became a royal estate under King Canute.


(vii)          Parwich Hall (see also architecture)


Caroline Boisset (1992) “The hard face of the Peak, tamed when a garden smiles” Country Week April 30th—May 6th 1992 p. 46-51

An article on the Hall gardens, with list of the 1988 planting of the rose garden, and some charming photographs.


R. Christian (1963-1964) “Derbyshire’s other stately homes: 8. Parwich Hall” Derbyshire Countryside Vol.29 no.1 Dec’63-Jan’64 pp26-30

-An overview of the current building and it’s occupants from the Levinges to the Crompton-Inglsfields.


Maxwell Craven and Michael Stanley (2nd Ed. 2001) “The Derbyshire Country House” Volume II. Landmark Collectors Library: Ashbourne.

-An excellent concise description and history of Parwich Hall.


John N. Merril (1973) “Famous Derbyshire Homes” Dalesman pp75-76


J. M. Sharp (1986) “The Design of the Derbyshire Country House” pp80-81

Robert Innes-Smith (1972) “Notable Derbyshire Houses” Ed. Charles H. Wood pp106-108 Derbyshire Countryside


J. Tilley (?) “Holders of the manor of Parwich, 1086-1814” In J. Tilley “Old Halls, Manors and Families of Derbyshire Vol.2 p304


J. Tilley (?) “The Parishes of Matlock, Parwich, Thorpe and Tissington- Parwich Hall In J. Tilley “Old Halls, Manors and Families of Derbyshire Vol.2 pp247-262

J. Tilley (1984) “Parwich Hall” In J. Tilley “Old Halls, Manors and Families of Derbyshire Vol.2 pp18-19


? (1971) “Treasures of Derbyshire Houses. VIII Family Portraits Old and New at Parwich Hall” Derbyshire Life and Countryside vol.36 no.2 February pp26-29


(viii)       Hospital (Parwich)


? (1982) “Project for re-opening Parwich Hospital” Derbyshire Life and Countryside April 1982 p39

 Page 13

? (1981) “Private bid for Parwich Hospital is accepted” Matlock News 8 17th Dec 1981 p3


(ix)           Industry


Bennett & Elton (1900) “The History of Corn Milling” Vol. 3

-Reference to the sale of Alsop Mill by the Crown in the reign of James


D. Crossly & D. Kiernan (1992) “The Lead-smelting Mills of Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 112 p6-47

-A list of Derbyshire lead-smelting kilns, it gives information on kilns largely in the east of the county.  The only one in our area is a possible site at Woodeaves Mill, Tissington though it is not clear how much of what can be seen is from the textile-mill built in 1793.


Roger Flindall & Lynn Willes (1998) “Calendar of Derbyshire Lead Mining Records belonging to the Duchy of Lancaster and kept at Chatsworth House” Peak District Mines Historical Society

-Some 25 local references (reproduced in our Newsletter No. 20) from the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.


Dudley Fowkes Editor (1997) “Derbyshire Industrial Archaeology: A Gazetteer of Sites: Part IV Derbyshire Dales” Derbyshire Archaeology Society

-Not to many sites locally; Aldwark- lead-mining remains; Ballidon- Minninglow embankment, quarry and kiln, limekiln, stone sleeper blocks. And railway bridge near Hoe Grange; Bradbourne- mill and milepost; Eaton & Alsop- railway cuttings and bridge; Parwich- Gotham curve on CHPR; and Tissington- more railway stuff and Woodeaves Mill manager’s house.


T.D. Ford & J.H. Rieuwerts Eds. (1975,2000) “Lead Mining in the Peak District” published for Peak District Mines Historical Society Ltd by Landmark, Ashbourne

-Our local mines are too small for this book, the nearest it gets is the section on Brassington and Carsington Pasture by R. Slack and T.D Ford.


Alan Gifford (1999) “Derbyshire Watermills: Corn Mills” The Midland Wind & Water Mill Group

A brief history of water powered corn mills generally and also in Derbyshire, with a gazetteer of mills.  It tells us that a mill was indicated in Tissington in the Doomsday Book and Alsop Mill (a horse mill?) was sold by the Crown in the reign of James I, but we do not know what sort of mills they were.  A longer account of Bradbourne Mill is included in the gazetteer.


H. Harris (    ) “Industrial Archaeology of the Peak District” David & Charles


David Kierman (1989) “The Derbyshire Lead Industry in the Sixteenth Century” Derbyshire Record Society Chesterfield.

-A detailed work it has quite a bit on Brassington and Carsington, but only lets us know that local parishes were part of the King’s Field within the Wapentake of Wirksworth, that is the mining rights were under the Duchy of Lancaster.  It does make mention that one or more Bradbourne will related to mining.


R. Morgan, M.(1982) “Further information on the Bradbourne Mill Timbers” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 102 p101

In contrast to the relatively recent dates for the timber reported in the earlier article, this brief note indicates that two of the timbers at least were of much older origin, one piece having a felling date of around AD 1580.


R. Morgan, M. Wildgoose and J. Collis (1980) “Some post-medieval timbers from Bradbourne, Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 100 p43-48

-Work on the milldam and sluice gates behind Bradbourne mill showed the timbers to date from the mid nineteenth century, though the timber initially appeared much older.  (NB the trees were some 150 years old when felled)

 Page 14


S. Probert (1988) “Excavations at the Minninglow Brickworks, Roystone Grange: 1981-86” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 108 p48-53

-An account of the excavation of the late nineteenth century brick kilns belonging to the ‘High Peak Silica Company’ found next to what is now the High Peak Trail.  The ‘High Peak Silica Company’ operated in the parishes of Parwich and Ballidon.


Ron Slack (2000) “Lead Miner’s Heyday: the great days of mining in Wirksworth and the Low Peak of Derbyshire” Chesterfield

-A good general history of local lead mining it covers Carsington and Brassington and touches on Bradbourne.


(x)            Place names


Kenneth Cameron (1959) “Place Names of Derbyshire” Cambridge University Press

-A detailed list of place names in our area together with the earliest dates of occurrence.


M Gelling & A Cole (2000) “The Landscape of Place Names” Stamford

-Although a general book, it does provide insight in to a number of our local place names.


F S Scott (1959) “The Place-names of Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 79 p42-49.

-Although little more than a review of Cameron’s book it does give some idea of the different sources and routes of our place-names.


A H Smith (1950-51) “The Place Names of Derbyshire Part II” English Place Name Society XXVIII

-Origins an early spellings of a number of place names, together with the written sources.


(xi)           Photographs


Isobel Combes (2003) “Spirit of Parwich” Landmark, Ashbourne

-A comprehensive collection of old photographs of Parwich.  Also a brief section on Alsop en le Dale.


Arthur Mee (1937) “Derbyshire” Hodder & Stoughton.

-Only a short section on Parwich, mainly about the church, but it has an interesting photograph taken from behind Orchard Farm looking towards the Church.


Mary Winstone (1996) “Britain in Old Photographs: Ashbourne & Dovedale” Sutton Publishing: Stroud

-Just one photograph in our area of a stage coach outside The New Inn on the A515.


(xii)         Political and Social


John Alsop (1874-1875) “Rejoicings in Parwich in1814” in ‘The Reliquary’ 1874-1875 15 pp62-63

-A letter recounting Parwich’s celebration of the defeat of Napoleon, leading to his first exile in Elba.


J. Bunting (1992) “Loyal tricks at Parwich 1814” in ‘Peak Advertiser’ 11th May 1992

-An article drawing on John Alsop’s letter in ‘The Reliquary’ in 1874-1875.


B. E. Coates (1965) “The origin and distribution of markets and fairs in Medieval Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 95 p92-111.

-Although there are no markets our fairs in our specific area, those at Ashbourne, Hartington and Wirksworth would have been of major importance to people living and working in our area.

 Page 15


David G. Edwards (1982)“Population in Derbyshire in the reign of King Charles II: the use of the Hearth-tax Assessments and the Compton Census” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 102 p106-117.

-Using the Hearth tax returns (1662-1670) and the ‘Compton Census’ of 1676 the author gives the following population estimates: Alsop en le Dale 55-70, Ballidon 100, Bradbourne 110, Fenny Bentley 110-130, Parwich 250, and Tissington 180.


Roger Flindall (2000) “What the Papers Said: Derbyshire in Nottingham Newspapers 1714-1776” The Peak District Mines Historical Society, Matlock Bath.

-I only found one reference to our area, namely Ralph Johnson of Parwich advertising the sale of a coach in 1724.


R. Hall (1978) “Economy and Society in the Derbyshire Peak District, 1861” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 98 p72-82.

-An analysis of the 1861 Census with a couple of allusions to our area, though mainly to point out it was primarily agricultural.


R. M. Litchfield (1987) “The Parwich Plum Puddings” Peak Advertiser 4th May 1987


S C Newton (1966) “The Gentry of Derbyshire in the Seventeenth Century” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 95 p92-111.

-Not a lot about our area it has information on the Gells and Fitzherberts,


David Postles (1986) “The Bordars of Domesday of Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 106 p123-126.

-A bordar was a small holder rather than a villein or labourer.  The Doomsday Book indicates Tissington had 12 villeins and 8 bordars.


P. Riden (1978) “The Population of Derbyshire in 1563” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 98 p61-71.

-This gives the following for our area: Alsop en le Dale 1,467 acres and 9 households; Parwich 3,081 acres and 30 households; Bradbourne 2,788 acres and 26 households; Ballidon 1,910 acres and 16 households; and Tissington 2,258 and 44 households.  This article assumes an average household size of between 4-5 and 5, which would give Parwich a population of between 135 and 150 in 1563 at a time when Ashbourne had a population of between 600 and 650.


David Rolfe (1986) “The origins of Derbyshire” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 106 p102-121.

A general account of the origins of Derbyshire as geographical/political entity.  All it tells us about our area is that it was part of the Wapentake of Wirksworth.


Brian Stone (1992) “Derbyshire in the Civil War” Scarthin Books: Cromford

-Very little on our area, though it does allude to the Cockaynes, the Fitzherberts and Tissington.  In general the nearest it gets it a couple of skirmishes in Ashbourne and a detailed account of Sir John Gell of Hopton’s involvement on the parliamentary side.


Susan M. Wright (1983) “The Derbyshire Gentry in the Fifteenth Century” Derbyshire Record Society: Chesterfield

A lot of references to the Cockayne and Fitzherbert families, but only one reference to the Alsop family and to Gould of Parwich.


(xiii)       Transport, roads and railways


J.M. Bentley & G.K. Fox (1997) “Railways of the High Peak: Buxton to Ashbourne” Foxline: Stockport

-Sections on Alsop Moor, Alsop en le Dale and Tissington contain a lot of photographs, primarily from the fifties and sixties but some from earlier.

 Page 16


N. Broomhead (    ) “The High Peak and Tissington Railways” PPJPB and Derbyshire CC


A. E. Dodd and E. M. Dodd (3rd Ed. 2000) “Peakland Roads & Trackways” Landmark Collectors Library: Ashbourne.

-An enlarged and revised edition of this classic text.  Revisions were undertaken by a number of people including Brian Rich and Lindsey Porter.  From the prehistoric trackways, via Roman roads up to the Turnpike roads, it includes many of the routes that pass through our area.


Graeme Guilbert and Keith Challis (1993) “Excavations across the supposed line of ‘the Street’ Roman Road southeast of Buxton, 1991” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 113 p45-59.

- Although the excavation is out side our area, any one researching the road which passes through our area might want to follow this up.


D J Hodgkins (1983) “Captain Moorsom and the attempt to revive the Cromford and High Peak Railway” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 103 p137-159.

-Densely packed fact, I did not read it in enough detail to spot reference to our area.


N. Jones & J M Bentley (19?) “Railways of the High Peak: onwards to Cromford and High Peak Junction” Scenes from the Past 37 (part 2), Foxline Publishing, Stockport

-Some history and lots of photographs.


John Lomas (1958) “Problems of the Roman Road between Buxton and Little Chester” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 78 p103-109.

-Though mainly concerned with the route through Hartington parish, it gives some account of an excavation of the road near Minninglow.


J. Marshall (    ) “The Cromford and High Peak Railway” David and Charles


C.P. Nicholson and P. Barnes (1971) “Railways in the Peak District” Dalesman


J. Radley (1963) “Peak District roads prior to the Turnpike Era” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 83 p39-50.

-A general article focusing on pack-horse and trade routes with allusions to our area.


J. Radley & S. R. Penny (1972) “The Turnpike Roads of the Peak District” Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 92 p93-109.

-A good general account it includes the following local roads: Ashbourne to Newhaven (via Thorpe) 1738; Winster to Newhaven 1759; Ashbourne to Newhaven (via Fenny Bentley) 1777; Cromford to Pikehall (the Via Gellia ) 1804; and Fenny Bentley to Grange Mill (and on) 1811.


Howard Smith (1996, 2nd Ed. 2000) “The Guide Stoops of Derbyshire” Sheffield

-A gazetteer of the Queen Anne guide stoops, it includes the ones at Pikehall and Slipperlow, and the recently relocated one on the Elton to Aldwark road.


(xiv)       Walking and cycling


Frank Duerden (1988) “Best walks in the Peak District” Constable: London.

-Just the Tissington trail near by.


Clive Price (1994) “Mostly Downhill in the Peak District: White Peak” Sigma Leisure: Cheshire.

-Only a couple of walks near by, both including Tissington


Lindsey Porter (1989) “The Peak District” David & Charles: Newton Abbot.

-It describes a walk taking in the village and the Tissington and High Peak Trails

 Page 17


Clive Smith (1991,1995) “Off-Beat Cycling and Mountain Biking in the Peak District” Sigma Leisure: Cheshire.

-A few routes locally, including two on the High Peak Trail and one on the Tissington Trail.


(xv)           List of Parwich References in Matlock Local Studies Library not annotated above (They have a lot more that relates to this area, but it is not indexed under Parwich.)


Children of Parwich School (1982) “Parwich- Our Village


Roy Christian (1978) “Derbyshire” B. T. Batesford


Roy Christian (1987) “The Village of Parwich” in ‘Derbyshire Life’ 52 no.11 November 1987 pp52-55


Derbyshire County Council (1977) “Action plan 1978-1983: Phase II: Submission to the Development Council” Derbyshire County Council, High Peak Borough Council, Peak Park Joint Planning Board and West Derbyshire District Council


Derbyshire County Council (1986) “Derbyshire Environmental Education Resources Guide” p33 (2nd ed. p84)


Derbyshire (1991) “The Derbyshire Village Book


John Drackley (1988) “Parwich” Darley Digest March 1988 p7 of Derby Diocesan News Pages


John Drackley (1988) “Parwich” Good News Bakewell Magazine March 1988 p7


C. R. Hart (?) “The Early Charters of Northern England & the North Midlands


J. H. Ingram (1947) “North Midland Country


J. N. Merril (1978) “Explore the Peak District: a concise guide


Peak Park Joint Planning Board (1985-86) “What’s What Information Guide


I. C. Treby (1998) “The Michael Field Catalogue: a Book of Lists” (Parwich Lees)


M. Waterhouse (1996) “A Wandering Voice” (Parwich Lees)


W. Wooley (1981) “History of Derbyshire” Eds. Catherine Glover & Philip Riden, Derbyshire Record Society


Jon Wyland (1980) “Village schools: a future for the past?”


? (1992) “Bowls at Parwich and at Wirksworth” Community Fayre no.59 Sept 1992


? (1993) “Know your Parwich” Community Fayre no.64 July 1993


? (1999) “Silence winds up the villagers” Dales Echo 21st Apr 1999 p4


? Derbyshire Advertiser Notes & Queries. Vol. 11 p15b


? Derbyshire Advertiser Notes & Queries Vol. 20 p30


? Derbyshire Advertiser Notes & Queries Vol. 21 p20

Page 18


? (1941) “Illustration” Derbyshire Countryside Vol.11 no.44 Oct p56


? (1966) “Smith, Sowerby, photographer Parwich” Derbyshire Countryside Vol.31 no.6 June pp32-33


? (1992) “Woods rattle on Parwich Green” Derbyshire Post 5th Aug 1992


? (1839) “The History and Topography of Ashbourne, the valley of the Dove and adjacent villages


? (1978 new ed.) “The History and Topography of Ashbourne, the valley of the Dove and adjacent villages” Hartington


? (1987) “Parwich” Peak Advertiser 30th Mar 1987

Page 19

3.     Web-sites of Local Interest

This section is still under compilation and has a number of gaps still.


(i)              General sites


Ancient Sites Directory

Site address: 


Council for British Archaeology Internet Information Service

Site address: 

An excellent clearing house for information and other archaeology based sites. A whole magazine – British Archaeology – is a part of the site.


Commonwealth War Graves Commission

Site address:

An impressive site that lists all the war graves and those lost in action in both the First and Second World Wars.  It is easy to search for an individual by name.


Family Records

Site address:


Family Search

Site address:

The Mormon’s site that enables you to search their International Genealogical Index and other databases.  A useful first point of call for any family history research.



Site address:  and

An invaluable source of genealogical information.  Go to the Derbyshire sections, you could spend hours searching just on this site.


Public Records Office

Site address:


(ii)            Derbyshire/Peak District Sites


Arkwright Society

Site address:

Comprehensive information on Cromford Mill, the Derwent Valley Mills, Lumsdale and more.


Derbyshire Archaeological Society

Site address

Comprehensive information on the society and their publications.


Derbyshire County Council

Site address:


Derbyshire Dales District Council

Site address:


Derbyshire Family History Society

Site address:

Comprehensive information on the Society and their publications, it also has access on a pay per view basis to transcripts of Registers.

 Page 20

Derbyshire Record Society

Site address:

Comprehensive information on the Society and their publications.


Derbyshire Stone Circles

Site address:

Don't be put off the length of the address. This is an excellent site that covers the whole of Derbyshire and its stone circles. Maps diagrams and virtual pictures of what Arbor Low would have looked like when the stones were standing.


Peak District Mines Historical Society

Site address:

Primarily a list of mines.


Peak District National Park

Site address:  and

Tends to be more general information.

(iii)           Local History Sites



Site address:

An excellent site outlining the Bonsall History Project, the 1415 Duchy of Lancaster returns, and much more.


Bradbourne and Lea Hall

Site address:

A very useful site, set up by Rosie Ball who is also a member of our Society outlining information on these two parishes, including censuses and hearth tax information.


Cromford Village

Site address:

A general site for the village with some historical information, especially relating to the Arkwrights.


Matlock and Matlock Bath Genealogy and Local History

Site address:

An extensive site.


Wirksworth Heritage Centre

Site address:

At present a one page site relating just to the Centre.


Wirksworth Local History

Site Address:

An amazing piece of research that gives details of census returns, old photographs, Domesday Book, details of hearth tax in areas surrounding Wirksworth (including Brassington, Ible, Cromford, and Matlock).


(iv)           Specific Parwich Sites


Parwich & District Local History Site

Site address:

Contains details of the Society, as well as the Nineteenth Century Censuses for the parish, and the articles published in the Society’s Newsletter.


Page 21

St. Peter’s Church, Parwich

Site address:

Still under development there is quite a bit about the history of the church, especially about the demolishing of the old church, and building of the new.


(v)            Genealogical sites with reference to local families


Beresford Family Society

Site address:

A comprehensive site with extensive information.


Bonsall Historical Society

Site address:

An American site devoted to the descendants of Richard and Mary Bonsall of Mouldridge Grange, who emigrated to Darby, Pennsylvania in the 1680s or 1690s.


Bunting Society

Site address:

An active Society that publishes a regular magazine.


Hawley Society

Site address:

An American society that largely consists of the descendants of Joseph Hawley who is likely to have emigrated from Parwich to New England around 1630.  Extensive information on the search for Josephs English roots.

 Page 22


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